Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from Uppsala University, "In 2002, 621 leg ulcer patients were identified through a cross-sectional population survey. Half of the registered patients were randomly selected and offered clinical examination. A total of 198 patients with 246 legs underwent examination and were categorised in detail according to aetiology. Data were compared with the initial study in 1988. Venous incompetence was present in 140(57%) legs and the dominating cause in 94(38%) of the leg ulcers, 40 (16%) due to deep venous incompetence. Arterial insufficiency was identified in 90 (37%) legs and the dominating aetiological factor in 41 legs (17%), eight (3%) being critical ischaemic ulcers. The relative risk (RR) of developing a leg ulcer in 2002 vs. 1988 was 0.77. The RR of a venous ulcer was reduced by 46%, arterial by 28%, while there was an increase in diabetic ulcers by 29% and multifactorial by 42%."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The aetiological spectrum of leg ulcers has changed, most likely due to a new management strategy in the care of leg ulcer patients."
For more information on this research see: Changes in the Aetiological Spectrum of Leg Ulcers after a Broad-scale Intervention in a Defined Geographical Population in Sweden. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 2012;44(5):498-503. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery can be contacted at: W B Saunders Co Ltd, 32 Jamestown Rd, London NW1 7BY, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/623034)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting A. Forssgren, Uppsala University, Dept. of Surg Sci, Uppsala, Sweden.
Keywords for this news article include: Sweden, Europe, Uppsala, Vascular Surgery
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