Published in AIDS Weekly and Law, January 20th, 2005
"NRTI-based therapy used to treat AIDS can cause mitochondrial toxicity resulting from the incorporation of NRTIs into mitochondrial DNA by DNA polymerase gamma (pol gamma). Pol gamma has poor discrimination against many of the currently used NRTIs resulting in aborted DNA synthesis and subsequent depletion of mtDNA.
"Pol gamma readily incorporates ddCTP, ddITP and D4T-TP with an efficiency similar to the incorporation of normal nucleotides, whereas AZT-TP, CBV-TP, 3TC-TP and PMPApp act as moderate inhibitors to DNA...
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