Published in AIDS Weekly, May 31st, 2004
"Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) varies little in sequence compared with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) and it is difficult to detect HTLV-1 mRNA, proteins or virions in fresh blood. But the strong and chronically activated T cell response to the virus indicates that HTLV-1 proteins are expressed persistently. It now appears that the efficiency of an individual's cytotoxic T cell (CTL) response to HTLV-1 is the chief single determinant of that person's provirus load, which can differ between HTLV-1-infected people by more than 10000-fold," wrote C.R. Bangham in the...
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