Published in Cardiovascular Device Liability Week, September 26th, 2004
"Some cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension and insulin resistance, are associated with endothelial dysfunction. Insulin regulates both in vitro and in vivo expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) via a pathway involving insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) and phosphatidylinositol-3kinase. Recently, we found that human endothelial cells obtained from carriers of the Arg972 IRS-1 polymorphism exhibited reduced eNOS expression in response to chronic exposure to insulin,"...
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