Published in Gene Therapy Weekly, March 3rd, 2005
"The lethality of infection by Bacillus anthracis is largely due to its plasmid-encoded toxins, which consist of a carrier protein, the protective antigen (PA), in combination with either the lethal-factor or edema-factor moiety," investigators in the United States report.
"During B. anthracis infections, PA secreted by bacteria binds to membrane receptors of susceptible cells, is cleaved proteolytically, attaches to lethal factor or edema factor, undergoes oligomerization and internalization, and transports its toxin partners to acidic endosomes where they are released into...
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