Published in Medical Letter on the CDC and FDA, September 3rd, 2006
"We have isolated and characterized a caffeine-specific, heavy-chain-only antibody fragment (VHH ) from llama that is capable of being utilized to analyze caffeine in hot and cold beverages," researchers in the United States report.
"Camelid species (llama and camel) were selected for immunization because of their potential to make heat-stable, heavy-chain-only antibodies," explained Ruth C. Ladenson and colleagues at Washington University. "Llamas and camels were immunized with caffeine covalently linked to keyhole...
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