Published in TB and Outbreaks Week, September 9th, 1996
As of 1994 an estimated 5.6 million persons worldwide were coinfected with HIV and M. tuberculosis. Among coinfected persons, HIV related immunodeficiency has been shown to promote reactivation of a latent tuberculous infection and to speed the progression of a primary tuberculous infection to active disease. In contrast, the effect of active tuberculosis or latent M. tuberculosis infection on HIV disease progression is not well understood.
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