Published in TB and Outbreaks Week, August 31st, 2004
According to recent research from Scotland, "Lipoic acid is an essential cofactor of alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes (KADHCs). This study shows that Plasmodium falciparum possesses two distinct lipoylation pathways that are found in separate subcellular localizations.
"Lipoic acid synthesis comprising lipoic acid synthase and lipoyl-ACP:protein N-lipoyl transferase is present in the parasite's apicoplast, whereas the second pathway consisting of lipoic acid protein ligase is located in the parasite's mitochondrion."
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