Published in TB and Outbreaks Week, November 9th, 2004
Between 5% and 10% of global HIV infections result from use of injected drugs. Oral substitution treatment for opioid users is documented as reducing the incidence of illicit drug use among this population; however, it is unclear what effect this type of treatment has on HIV risk behaviors and the transmission of HIV.
A recent Cochrane Library review of 28 studies involving nearly 8000 participants evaluated the effects of oral substitution treatment on behaviors of drug users with a high risk for...
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