Published in Vaccine Weekly, April 16th, 2003
These would be eaten raw to preserve full immunogenicity.
"Although edible vaccines seem to be feasible, antigens of human pathogens have mostly been expressed in plants that are not attractive for human consumption (such as potatoes) unless they are cooked. Boiling may reduce the immunogenicity of many antigens. More recently, the technology to transform fruit and vegetable plants have become perfected," said E. Marquet-Blouin and colleagues.
They used Agrobacterium tumefaciens bacteria to transform carrot...
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